The history of development and standard Wallpaper of the Windows operating system

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows

In 34 years, a conventional graphical interface became the most popular operating system. Each user of modern PC once faced with Windows.

Thanks to the brainchild of Microsoft, computers and laptops become a truly mass phenomenon. And you know how it all began?

Windows 1

It was 1985 and at that time Windows was just an add-on to the operating system MS-DOS. Hence we get the name «Windows».

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows1

The user no longer had to teach the commands all communication with the computer is done by the GUI, which was closely associated with the performance of existing teams.

The public reaction has been mixed. Advanced users bad comments about the development of Microsoft as a barrier to learning DOS commands, because after the interaction with the shell many novice users were not addressed to an established list of commands.

In addition, the app demanded the presence of the graphics card and input device type mouse, but at that time it was expensive.

Already in the first version was available to Write program that worked with the file type .doc, was there, and Paint, as well as clock, calculator, calendar and Notepad.

Windows 2

The second version contained the ability to use keyboard shortcuts and to block the one window to the other. However, remained high memory requirements and hardware of the computer.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows2

In the second version to replace the Write came Word, in addition to which users have become available Excel. Many developers started writing their own programs, so the system appeared publishing program PageMaker, which was previously only available on the Macintosh.

Windows 3

Available as an add-on to MS-DOS, but has the mechanisms virtualization memory that Windows brings to the title a full-fledged operating system.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows3

The text editor has learned to run without exiting directly to DOS that says about the appearance of multitasking.

Shell learned how to work with CD drives and sound cards, which were then very popular. Package includes basic antivirus Microsoft Anti-Virus for Windows.

Windows NT

A complete operating system, which was intended for servers and corporate workstations. The beginning of the development was in conjunction with IBM, but soon the partnership ceased.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows4

Interface much like the third version of the add-ons Windows, with one exception, there were no switches on DOS. This was the advantage of this version. All transactions occurred within one system.

Priority was given to the network task, hence the specialization. However, it was the first NT update added support for NTFS files.

Windows 95

Almost a full-fledged operating system, released in ‘ 95. It began a good tradition to associate the version with the year of issue. This system was intended for personal use. GUI established the concept of «Desk», apart from which the menu «start».

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows5

Windows 95 inherited part of the Win32 API that allows you to run most 32-bit applications written for enterprise Windows NT.

The user could choose which modules MS-DOS will be active, but the developers recommend not to interact with the subsystem, and to use it only to run the Windows kernel. Otherwise, multitasking failures and «crashes» of the system.

In recent updates, Microsoft has added the famous Internet Explorer and USB ports.

The heir to the previous version, which received the support of several network protocols, new drivers for USB and extended desktop settings.

Now you can enter the computer into sleep mode and instantly get access to the system at any time. Also implemented support for multiple monitors, and added a new Windows Update that allows you to download the update directly from the network.

Windows 98

The heir to the previous version, which received the support of several network protocols, new drivers for USB and extended desktop settings.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows6

Now you can enter the computer into sleep mode, and instantly get access to the system at any desired moment. Could not work multi-monitor support and a new web site, Windows Update allows you to download the update directly from the network.

Windows 2000

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows7

In fact, it is the continuation of the line of Windows NT, done without support of MS-DOS. The system was well protected from foreign intervention and combined it with all the features of Windows 98, making it a universal OS for large companies, where reliability is valued along with the possibilities.

Windows ME

This version was used in the MS-DOS-based, but forbade his work in real mode, however, clever users found a way around this limitation.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows8

Major innovations can be considered protection for the boot files and system recovery, allowing you to rollback the system files to the last working state.

Windows XP

The system was based on Windows NT kernel, continuing all the achievements of MS-DOS-based systems. In short, this product was combined two areas of work.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows9

Among the advantages of the system can highlight low hardware requirements and great compatibility with existing software.

Completely revamped interface suited the taste of the majority of users. Version XP have learned to work with remote access and service packs.

By the way, while supporting Windows XP, Microsoft has released three service pack security system that indicates the presence of some problems.

Windows Vista

Later, six years after the release of its predecessor, the OC broke into the market with completely revamped GUI. «Start menu» has lost the signature and now indicated by a simple icon.

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows10

Many menus now have the transparency effect, although users could switch between the four styles.

In terms of software an important innovation was the duplication of RAM to the hard disk, allowing the loss of power momentarily to restore operation without loss of data.

Microsoft claims the system is much faster to load and search the files is almost instantaneous.

Windows 7

This is not a successor version of Vista and continue XP. Quick and reliable system with a very loyal requirements to the hardware, not overloaded with a lot of unnecessary graphical «bells and whistles».

История развития и стандартные обои операционной системы Windows11

Users warmly welcomed the release of the new OS, which has become the most popular in the history of Microsoft.

In the first place was to ensure maximum support for various legacy software in compatibility mode. New DirectX 11 became a real discovery in the world of video games, making the system very popular among gamers.

Security settings were not as strict as in the predecessor. Users were not afraid of the opinion of the drivers or compulsive behavior of the system.

Windows 8

Now user encounters a new interface based on tiles. It is a tribute to fashion and optimized for touch screens.

The General public was not ready for a new graphics solution to Metro and in General the reviews were negative. This also added problems with optimization and the work of many demanding applications and almost all games.

And despite the release of version 8.1, stable and reliable system call failed. She became the third in popularity, after 7 and XP.

Windows 10

Microsoft skipped the number 9 and has released 10 version of the operating system.

The company has clearly moved away from the small setbacks with the eighth version, and analyzed their best achievements. The result is a dark design that references Windows 7. From here follows stability and low demands on hardware.

In the first year after release, anyone could free to update the 7-th and 8-th version to the «tens» with which to receive a single with many other Microsoft devices system, voice assistant Cortana, and the ability to work with multiple desktops.

Download stock Wallpapers of Windows XP/10

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